The paleo idea is that we should eat what our ancestors ate before the invention of agriculture. It’s based on sound evolutionary reasoning and fair bit of empirical evidence.
The evolutionary argument is that we lived for millions of years on a paleolithic diet and only 10,000 years on an agriculture-based diet. Keep any evolving species in one specific environment for millions of years and it will optimize itself to survive in it. This means our body is optimized to survive in an environment that feeds it a paleolithic diet. It hasn’t had enough time to adapt to the modern diet.
The empirical evidence comes in several forms. First, the fossilized skeletons show that pre-agriculture humans had healthier skeletons than the post-agriculture ones.
The tall stature and strong bones of Paleolithic skeletons indicate that Paleolithic humans were in remarkably good health. Paleolithic humans were tall and slender; cavities and signs…
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